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Upper Town

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Carcar Poblacion Real estate property

Carcar, Positioned forty km south of Cebu Town and involving the municipalities of San Fernando to the north and Sibonga into the south, was the southern terminus in the now-defunct Cebu railroad, whose railway commenced at Carbon Current market in Cebu. Carcar is strategically Positioned on the southeastern coast of Cebu Island, at a degree the place Cebu narrows and also the central mountain assortment opens to your pass the place it is feasible to cross towards the northwestern coast to the cities of Barili, with Dumanjug, Ronda, Alcantara, Moalboal and Badian for the south, and Aloguinsan the many approach to Toledo City to your north. Even though there are other cross-island roads like Cebu to Balamban, Talisay and Naga to Toledo, and Sibonga to Dumanjug, Carcar was a very important crossroad ahead of World War II because of the railroad.

Exterior of your Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria, 2003 (Image by Betty Lalana and Lino Arboleda, Ortigas Foundation Library Selection)

The Augustinians, who recognized Carcar, to start with set up a visita (mission chapel) from the Santo Niño Priory in Cebu at a coastal village called Sialo or Siaro on 21 Jun 1599. They focused the visita to La Visitacion de la Nuestra Señora, at a site called Inayangan, presently a sitio of Tuyom in Barangay Valladolid. The internet site is generally known as Daanglungsod or “aged town.” The ruins in the church ended up reportedly still identifiable some time back, but its stones have already been quarried by unknown persons. Because of its coastal area the visita at Inayangan was topic to slave raiders. So the Augustinians moved it to its present location, which was then known as Mowag or Kabkad, right after an area fern. By 1620, Augustinian data no more mention Sialo but alternatively make reference to Cabcar or Carcar.

Though not formally declared a Heritage Zone, National Historic Institute (NHI) has identified the heritage excellent of Carcar by declaring 4 residential structures as heritage homes. Carcar’s heritage location could be mapped out as a cross. The primary artery is described through the Natalio B. Bacalso South Nationwide Freeway that one-way links Carcar on the neighboring municipalities. The north conclusion of the zone is in the area of Carcar Central School as well as south conclusion the rotunda beside the public current market and from which the Carcar-Barili Street originates. Crossing the highway may be the higher city of Carcar, exactly where the Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria, the city plaza, and also other heritage construction are located. Contiguous to it's the reduce town described through the roadways named Gen Luna, Santa Catalina and Burgos. Many of the heritage buildings are found in these 3 places. Exceptions are a few lantawan, bantayan or watchtowers at Bantayan, Bas, Bacsiji as well as church ruins at Daanglungsod.

Upper City

The Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria was developed on 1860 under Fr Antonio Manglano, OSA, and accomplished in 1875 by Fr Manuel Fernandez, OSA. The church structure takes advantage of several revivalist variations in a satisfying blend of varieties. Roman arches allude to classical architecture when the recessed entrance is harking back to the iwan or major entrance in Muslim mosques. This structure component, the minaret-sort dome and the pointed windows place to your revival of Mudejar, a Spanish fashion affected from the Islamic caliphates of southern Spain. At Cogon, the chapel of San Vicente Ferrer is dated to 1859, making it Practically two decades more mature than the Church of Santa Catalina. (See Carcar Church.)

Interior of Carcar Church, 2003 (Photo by Betty Lalana and Lino Arboleda, Ortigas Foundation Library Assortment)

The Jose Rizal Monument, which stands near the church, is made of a tall plinth, a normal in city designs Because the early twentieth century.



Inbuilt 1929, the Carcar City Museum was previously the Carcar Dispensary, operated by the Philippine Wellbeing Service as the city’s Most important wellness establishment. This two-story composition is from the form of Victorian gingerbread residences, named following the sensitive, filigree-like ornamentation that decorates the foyer, the balcony previously mentioned it as well as windows. Elevated from the bottom by a cement System, it's approached through a cement staircase with flanking balustrades that flares outwards and terminates inside of a graceful curve. The attribute decoration of the exterior is often a admirer-formed wood Minimize-out, described as a sunburst or 50 % a flower. This layout is recurring in many of the openings with the developing. It's got also been adapted informally as Carcar’s signature motif, appearing in renovations of the town corridor facade and adjoining annex and in the public market. The building’s soffit is pierced that has a floral sort structure, a development from the fan form.

The inside is split into rooms with pierced picket transoms. Usage of the upper ground is through a balustraded stairs. The pierced transoms may also be located in the upper-flooring rooms.

Staircase of Saint Catherine’s Academy, 1990 (CCP Selection)

St Catherine’s Faculty Administration Setting up, Carcar’s Catholic college, was previously generally known as the P. del Corro developing, which was inaugurated 15 Sep 1931. It is a two-story composition alongside the neoclassical line with its intensive utilization of arch openings for Home windows and doorways. The central section contains a projecting balcony supported by pillars. The balcony serves as an awning for that constructing entrance. Just like the neighboring Carcar Museum, metallic awnings more than the window, decorations over the arches, and grille Focus on the Home windows soften the starkness of your neoclassical structure, supplying the creating a heat experience.

Older when compared to the dispensary or perhaps the del Corro developing will be the Uphill Elementary College. Built-in 1905, this college antedated the Philippine Assembly Act No 1801 of 1908, which appropriated dollars for the construction of schools all over the Philippines. Named Gabaldon Faculty, after Isauro Gabaldon, the assemblyman who authored the bill, The college form was crafted from reinforced concrete and wood and easily replicable. Even though it bears resemblance for the Gabaldon Faculty, particularly in its layout, Uphill is actually a one particular-of-a-variety developing. Painted in shades of pink and dark purple, it truly is classical in design. The developing is made up of three bays, exactly where the central bay jobs outwards and rests on the cement podium and is in turn lifted within the podium by a few meter in the manner of your Philippine tsalet (chalet). A triangular pediment, which happens to be echoed while in the decorations more than the windows, caps the central portion. Windows and bays embellished by pilasters with stylized wheel and leaf models outline the creating’s vertical strains.

A few floors, with an extension and perpendicular two-story constructing, the Carcar Metropolis Hall incorporates a Main that goes again into the American colonial era. Windows with roman arches bearing the identical lover-formed filigree style located in the dispensary harmonize town hall with the nearby properties.

The Leon Kilat Monument, Situated for the foot of upper town, was erected in 1959. The equestrian determine is by Roman Sarmiento. The monument commemorates the revolucionario Pantaleón Villegas y Soldi, who was born 27 Jul 1873, at Bacong, Negros Oriental. Far better known as Leon Kilat, Villegas led the revolution in Cebu on 3 Apr 1898, Palm Sunday. He was killed by his possess aide-de-camp, Apolinario Alcuitas on 8 Apr 1898 in Carcar, inside a plot hatched on the church of Santa Catalina by some community leaders who did not want Kilat to convey the revolution to Carcar. Fearing that their city will be razed to the bottom by avenging Spanish troops, like they did to San Nicolas, the leaders needed Kilat out in any way Expense.

Lower City

The NHI has declared four residences from the reduced town of Carcar as heritage houses. The declaration was built by NHI Resolution No 7-ten on 4 Sep 2009. It listed the Silva Household as one of many four homes, another houses detailed within the declaration had been:

The Don Florencio Noel-Filomena Jaen Property (Dakong Balay) is situated at 312 (Old No 367) Santa Catalina St. The original homeowners of the house and lot have been Jacinto Aldocente-Benita del Corro. Obtained because of the Noel spouse and children, it had been renovated close to 1873. Mentioned as owning worked on the home were being Carcar-born Segundo Alesna as carpenter and Lito Alesna as mason and carpenter. Pelagio Gutiérrez, stone-cutter, labored within the renovation. People of Carcar, but born in San Nicolás and Cebu Metropolis respectively, Críspulo Zábate and Celestino Sarmiento ended up also mentioned to own labored as carpenters about the renovation.

Don Mariano Mercado Home, ca 1990 (CCP Collection)

The Mercado Mansion (the Simplicio Mercado-Filomena Guerrero Residence or Nyor Nanoy Mercado’s House ) is located along the leading highway, Jose Rizal St. Painted in outstanding aqua and white, this eye-catching property was inbuilt 1899. The nineteenth-century dwelling was at first owned from the few Simplicio Mercado and Filomena Guerrero from Manila. It is actually presently owned by a descendant, Catalina Camotes-Lucero, daughter of Mariano Mercado. Carcar mayor Mariano Mercado y Avila or Nyor Nanoy, 1877-1944, was described to get its architect and builder, but this declare has not been corroborated.

The Balay na Tisa (the Sarmiento-Osmeña Residence) is along Calle Santa Catalina St and was built-in 1859. It is two-story longitudinal structure using a reduce story of plastered stone and an upper story of wood. Its huge Home windows are shuttered by persianas or louvers. Its roof of terra cotta tiles flares with the side while in the fashion of Chinese-design roofs. At the middle is usually a dormer, protected by using a capiz window, also roofed in tiles. The ceiling is stamped metal. It is actually believed to one of several more mature residences, Otherwise the oldest, in Carcar.

Even though not officially declared as heritage houses, the following residences in decreased city Carcar are prospective candidates for heritage residences.

Positioned on 232 Jose Rizal St, the Yap House was erected through the pair Juan Ramos Rodriguez and Consolacion Florido Yap in 1905. Its builders are recorded as Salustiano (or Gonzalo) Abellana as architect and Andres Cui as Main carpenter. In 1936, the home was renovated with Mariano Mercado as designer, and Ceferino Bargamento as Main carpenter. This dwelling, minus the azotea, was the model for the scaled-down Model Visayan house within the now-defunct Nayong Pilipino in Parañaque. Rodriguez, a mestizo español, married Consolacion Yap, a mestiza china from Cebu in 1892. Your house was built following a several years of married lifetime in the identical 12 months as the construction in the Upland University.

The Sato Household ( Dodoy Jaen’s Home ) is presently owned by Leto E. Sato. This grand property on Jose Rizal St was the home of Timoteo Barcenilla (“Kapitan Tiyoy”) and Petrona Alcordo. It had been During this property that the groundbreaking Leon Kilat was assassinated in 1898. Your house transferred possession to Leocadio Jaen and his wife Anacleta Noel. Dadoy or Vicente “Dadoy” Jaen is Tiyoy’s son and the sole surviving heir.

The Aleonar House, located at 442 Gen Luna St, was erected in 1934. It is alleged to happen to be constructed by master carpenters remembered as Oming or Tiyoy, which could possibly be Timoteo Ybañez (Tiyoy), or his son Bartolome (Oming), or the two of these. It absolutely was the residence of Aurelio Tigley Aleonar and Dolores Rodecindo de Veyra.

The Santiago Alegado Barceló-Juana Peñalosa Residence ( Dr. World News Pablo Tumaliwan’s Dwelling and Valencia Home ) is found at the corner of Jose Rizal and Sta. Catalina Sts. The home is presently owned by Guillermo Valencia, an heir of Catalina Osmeña-Valencia. Your home is connected with Santiago, one of the youthful little ones of Arcadio Barceló and Modesta Alegado. Santiago, the descendant, 1834-ninety one, married a Cebu City indigenous, Juana Peñalosa. Your home was also usually generally known as Tumaliwan house because the strategically Situated residence was rented by Dr Pablo Tumaliwan, a dentist. Your home served both equally as relatives home and clinic. Afterwards, when the Valencias resided in the home, it was known as the Valencia House. Your home came to be the possession of Catalina “Nyora Taring” Osmeña-Valencia since it was allegedly employed as collateral for the debt by an Aleonar.

The Mancao Panuncialman Dwelling is ready from the street by a long driveway. This American interval home follows a U-shaped prepare Together with the central part receding, while the flanking sections project outward. Among the flanking sections, on the 2nd flooring is a balcony that serves also to be a port cochere. The house is painted in pink and white and has a environmentally friendly roof.

There are many a lot more residences that may be added to this list of likely heritage houses such as the Marfori-Cui House, Juario Villarosa House, the family houses of Archbishop Teofilo Camomot, and your home and studio of master painter Martino Abellana, who has been in comparison to Fernando Amorsolo.


The crossroads that connect the highway functioning north-south into a mountain road operating east-west is ornamented by a round cement kiosk. In addition to the kiosk is really a cement sculpture that depicts two Girls, one particular in Filipina costume with butterfly sleeve and one in Western dress, equally inside the act of taking a step ahead even though the girl in the Western type gown points upward. It is said to symbolize The us primary the Philippines to the longer term. The kiosk experienced four stairs with banisters that curve outward. It is split into eight arches supported by columns. The arches are embellished While using the admirer shaped structure located in the Carcar Museum.

Kiosk in a rotunda in Carcar (Cebuano Scientific tests Middle, College of San Carlos)

Within the perimeter of your rotunda are statues of couples dressed in different attire symbolizing the range of Filipinos. The statues stand at the base of the Road lamp. Throughout the road, on the alternative facet in the road that operates within the rotunda, are pergolas for sitting. The precise yr when the kiosk, pergolas, and statues were made is unsure, but they can be safely placed throughout the American era, in advance of Environment War II. 

Created by René B. Javellana


Aleonar, V.P. 2015. Carcar Family members: A Genealogy Website for Carcar. Accessed 12 May.

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